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suck abstract from ncbi

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  • Bioterrorism: An analysis of biological agents used in terrorist events #MMPMID35152120
  • Tin D; Sabeti P; Ciottone GR
  • Am J Emerg Med 2022[Apr]; 54 (ä): 117-121 PMID35152120show ga
  • BACKGROUND: The Covid19 pandemic has reignited debates and discussions around healthcare systems' biosecurity vulnerabilities and cast a spotlight on the potential weaponization of biological agents. Terrorist and violent extremist groups have already attempted to incite the intentional spread of Covid19 and to use it as an improvised form of a biological weapon. This study aims to provide an epidemiological description of all terrorism-related attacks using biological agents sustained between 1970 and 2019. METHODS: Data collection was performed using a retrospective database search through the Global Terrorism Database (GTD). The GTD was searched using the internal database search functions for all events using biological weapons between January 1, 1970 - December 31, 2019. RESULTS: 33 terrorist attacks involving biological agents were recorded between 1970 and 2019, registering 9 deaths and 806 injuries. 21 events occurred in the United States, 3 in Kenya, 2 each in both the United Kingdom and Pakistan and a single event in Japan, Columbia, Israel, Russia and Tunisia. CONCLUSION: The reported use of biological agents as a terrorist weapon is extremely rare and accounts for 0.02% of all historic terrorist attacks. Despite its apparent rarity, however, bioterrorism has the ability to inflict mass injuries unmatched by conventional weapons. Anthrax has been the most commonly used in previous bioterrorism events with the vast majority of reported attacks occurring in the United States by a single suspected perpetrator. Counter-Terrorism Medicine (CTM) and Disaster Medicine (DM) specialists need to be proactive in delivering ongoing educational sessions on biological events to first responder communities, and anticipate emerging novel biotechnology threats.
  • |*COVID-19/epidemiology[MESH]
  • |*Disaster Planning[MESH]
  • |*Terrorism[MESH]
  • |Biological Factors[MESH]
  • |Bioterrorism[MESH]
  • |Humans[MESH]
  • |Retrospective Studies[MESH]
  • |United States[MESH]

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  • suck abstract from ncbi

    117 ä.54 2022