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  • Klotho deficiency intensifies hypoxia-induced expression of IFN-alpha/beta through upregulation of RIG-I in kidneys #MMPMID34673800
  • Urabe A; Doi S; Nakashima A; Ike T; Morii K; Sasaki K; Doi T; Arihiro K; Masaki T
  • PLoS One 2021[]; 16 (10): e0258856 PMID34673800show ga
  • Hypoxia is a common pathway to the progression of end-stage kidney disease. Retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I) encodes an RNA helicase that recognizes viruses including SARS-CoV2, which is responsible for the production of interferon (IFN)-alpha/beta to prevent the spread of viral infection. Recently, RIG-I activation was found under hypoxic conditions, and klotho deficiency was shown to intensify the activation of RIG-I in mouse brains. However, the roles of these functions in renal inflammation remain elusive. Here, for in vitro study, the expression of RIG-I and IFN-alpha/beta was examined in normal rat kidney (NRK)-52E cells incubated under hypoxic conditions (1% O2). Next, siRNA targeting RIG-I or scramble siRNA was transfected into NRK52E cells to examine the expression of RIG-I and IFN-alpha/beta under hypoxic conditions. We also investigated the expression levels of RIG-I and IFN-alpha/beta in 33 human kidney biopsy samples diagnosed with IgA nephropathy. For in vivo study, we induced renal hypoxia by clamping the renal artery for 10 min in wild-type mice (WT mice) and Klotho-knockout mice (Kl-/- mice). Incubation under hypoxic conditions increased the expression of RIG-I and IFN-alpha/beta in NRK52E cells. Their upregulation was inhibited in NRK52E cells transfected with siRNA targeting RIG-I. In patients with IgA nephropathy, immunohistochemical staining of renal biopsy samples revealed that the expression of RIG-I was correlated with that of IFN-alpha/beta (r = 0.57, P<0.001, and r = 0.81, P<0.001, respectively). The expression levels of RIG-I and IFN-alpha/beta were upregulated in kidneys of hypoxic WT mice and further upregulation was observed in hypoxic Kl-/- mice. These findings suggest that hypoxia induces the expression of IFN-alpha/beta through the upregulation of RIG-I, and that klotho deficiency intensifies this hypoxia-induced expression in kidneys.
  • |*Up-Regulation[MESH]
  • |Animals[MESH]
  • |Glucuronidase/genetics/*metabolism[MESH]
  • |Hypoxia/genetics/*metabolism[MESH]
  • |Interferon-alpha/*metabolism[MESH]
  • |Kidney/*metabolism[MESH]
  • |Klotho Proteins[MESH]
  • |Mice[MESH]
  • |Mice, Knockout[MESH]
  • |RNA Helicases/*metabolism[MESH]
  • |RNA, Small Interfering[MESH]
  • |Rats[MESH]

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  • suck abstract from ncbi

    e0258856 10.16 2021