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  • Learning deficiencies in Borna disease virus-infected but clinically healthy rats #MMPMID2511930
  • Dittrich W; Bode L; Ludwig H; Kao M; Schneider K
  • Biol Psychiatry 1989[Dec]; 26 (8): 818-28 PMID2511930garesp_yesshow ga
  • Borna disease (BD) virus, a still unclassified neurotropic agent, causes either fatal encephalomyelitis or persistent asymptomatic infection in a variety of animal species. We monitored the neuronal functions of intracerebrally infected but healthy rats with three types of learning experiments. Spatial discrimination learning, using the y maze and the hole board, was significantly less successful in BD virus-infected (I) compared with mock-infected (M) rats. Similarly, I rats tended to show a certain emotional disturbance (reduced resting behavior and less anxiety) as evaluated by open-field and neophobia tests. Furthermore, in two aversive learning experiments (taste aversion and reaction suppression via Skinner box), it appeared that the I rats expressed a significantly diminished ability to learn pain avoidance compared with M rats. In conclusion, we found specific learning deficiencies together with subtle behavioral alterations suggesting that BD virus causes certain modulations of high integrative brain functions which are only detectable under experimental conditions.
  • |Animals[MESH]
  • |Arousal/physiology[MESH]
  • |Attention/physiology[MESH]
  • |Avoidance Learning/physiology[MESH]
  • |Borna Disease/*physiopathology[MESH]
  • |Borna disease virus/*pathogenicity[MESH]
  • |Brain/microbiology[MESH]
  • |Discrimination Learning/physiology[MESH]
  • |Disease Models, Animal[MESH]
  • |Learning Disorders/*physiopathology[MESH]
  • |Neurocognitive Disorders/*physiopathology[MESH]
  • |Orientation/physiology[MESH]
  • |Rats[MESH]
  • |Rats, Inbred Strains[MESH]
  • |Taste/physiology[MESH]
  • |Viruses, Unclassified/*pathogenicity[MESH]

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    818 8.26 1989