suck pdf from google scholar
PDF vom PMID20973429 :   free
suck pdf from library genesis
English Wikipedia

Nephropedia Template TP (

Twit Text


  • DeepDyve
  • Pubget Overpricing


  • lüll
  • Lead and bisphenol A concentrations in the Canadian population
  • Bushnik T; Haines D; Levallois P; Levesque J; Van Oostdam J; Viau C
  • Health Rep 2010[Sep]; 21 (3): 7-18
  • BACKGROUND: Lead is a known toxicant that occurs naturally in the environment. Bisphenol A (BPA) is an industrial chemical used primarily in polycarbonate plastic and epoxy resins. It has been 30 years since lead exposure was measured at a national level, and it is the first time for a national assessment of BPA exposure. DATA AND METHODS: Data are from the 2007-2009 Canadian Health Measure Survey. Lead in whole blood (PbB) and urinary BPA were measured in 5319 and 5476 respondents aged 6 to 79, respectively. Geometric means (GMs) are presented by age group and sex for PbB (pg/dL), volume-based BPA (microg/L), and creatinine-standardized BPA (microg/g creatinine). Adjusted least squares geometric means (LSGMs) for PbB and BPA are presented by selected covariates. RESULTS: PbB was detected in 100% of the population, with a GM concentration of 1.34 microg/dL. Adults aged 60 to 79 and males had significantly higher GM PbB concentrations. Lower household income, being born outside Canada, living in a dwelling at least 50 years old, current or former smoking, and drinking alcohol at least once a week were associated with higher PbB concentrations. Urinary BPA was detected in 91% of the population, with a GM concentration of 1.16 microg/L (1.40 microg/g creatinine). Children aged 6 to 11 had significantly higher GM creatinine-standardized BPA concentrations than did other age groups. INTERPRETATION: Although PbB concentrations have declined dramatically since the 1970s, socio-demographic characteristics, the age of dwellings, and certain lifestyle behaviours are associated with higher levels. Given the short half-life of orally ingested BPA and the high frequency of detection, the CHMS data suggest continual widespread exposure in the Canadian population.
  • |*Environmental Exposure[MESH]
  • |*Environmental Monitoring[MESH]
  • |Adolescent[MESH]
  • |Adult[MESH]
  • |Age Factors[MESH]
  • |Aged[MESH]
  • |Air Pollutants, Occupational/*urine[MESH]
  • |Benzhydryl Compounds[MESH]
  • |Canada[MESH]
  • |Child[MESH]
  • |Child, Preschool[MESH]
  • |Confidence Intervals[MESH]
  • |Creatinine/urine[MESH]
  • |Health Surveys[MESH]
  • |Humans[MESH]
  • |Hydrolyzable Tannins[MESH]
  • |Interviews as Topic[MESH]
  • |Lead/*blood[MESH]
  • |Life Style[MESH]
  • |Male[MESH]
  • |Middle Aged[MESH]
  • |Phenols/*urine[MESH]
  • |Sex Factors[MESH]
  • |Socioeconomic Factors[MESH]





  • *{{pmid20973429}}
    *<b>[http://www.kidney.de/mlpefetch.php?search=20973429 Lead and bisphenol A concentrations in the Canadian population ]</b> Health Rep 2010; 21(3) ; 7-18 Bushnik T; Haines D; Levallois P; Levesque J; Van Oostdam J; Viau C

        *20973429*

    Nephropedia PMID record

    Deutsche Wikipedia - im Artikel

    Hier den unten stehenden Textblock hineinkopieren

    Health Rep

    7 3.21 2010