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  • Structural analysis of cytokines comprising the IL-10 family
  • Zdanov A
  • Cytokine Growth Factor Rev 2010[Oct]; 21 (5): 325-30
  • Interleukin-10 (IL-10) family of cytokines includes a number of its viral homologs and eight cellular cytokines (IL-19, IL-20, IL-22, IL-24, IL-26, IL-28A, IL-28B, and IL-29). The latter three proteins are also known as IFN-lambda2, IFN-lambda3, and IFN-lambda1, and are recognized as type III (or lambda) interferons. Most of the cellular homologs of IL-10 are monomeric in solution, whereas IL-10 and its viral homologs are intercalated dimers consisting of two helical bundle domains topologically similar to the monomeric members of the family. A classical four-helix bundle, a signature element of all helical cytokines, is always found as part of the domain of each member of the IL-10 family. The only crystal structures of these cytokine receptors that have been determined to date are for their extracellular domains (ECDs). Each ECD consists of two beta-sandwich domains connected in the middle by a linkage. Signal transduction occurs when a cytokine binds to its two appropriate receptor chains. IL-10 and its viral homologs use the same IL-10 receptor system, whereas the cellular homologs of IL-10 use their own receptors, which in some cases may overlap and be used in different pairwise combinations. The known structures of binary complexes allowed for marking of the receptor binding site, which always includes helix A, loop AB and helix F (IL-10 notations) on the side of a ligand, loops of the N-terminal and C-terminal domains directed toward the ligand, and the interdomain linkage of the ECD. An analysis of the published structures of both the binary and ternary complexes of all helical cytokines allowed for the generation of a model of the signaling complex of IL-10. The receptor binding site I of the high affinity receptor IL-10R1 is exactly the same as in the crystal structure of the binary IL-10/sIL-10R1 complex, whereas the receptor binding site II is located on the surface of the first and the third helices of the four-helix bundle. The receptor/receptor interface, or site III, is formed between the C-terminal domains of IL-10R1 and IL-10R2.
  • |Animals[MESH]
  • |Humans[MESH]
  • |Interleukin-10 Receptor alpha Subunit/chemistry/metabolism[MESH]
  • |Interleukin-10 Receptor beta Subunit/chemistry/metabolism[MESH]
  • |Interleukin-10/*chemistry/*metabolism[MESH]
  • |Models, Molecular[MESH]
  • |Protein Conformation[MESH]
  • |Signal Transduction[MESH]





  • *{{pmid20846897}}
    *<b>[http://www.kidney.de/mlpefetch.php?search=20846897 Structural analysis of cytokines comprising the IL-10 family ]</b> Cytokine Growth Factor Rev 2010; 21(5) ; 325-30 Zdanov A

        *20846897*

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    Cytokine Growth Factor Rev

    325 5.21 2010