suck pdf from google scholar
unlimited free pdf from europmc19264100    free
PDF from PMC    free
html from PMC    free
PDF vom PMID19264100  :  Publisher
PDF vom PMID19264100 :   free
suck pdf from library genesis
English Wikipedia

Nephropedia Template TP (

Twit Text


  • DeepDyve
  • Pubget Overpricing


  • lüll
  • Autophagy, antiviral immunity, and viral countermeasures
  • Shoji-Kawata S; Levine B
  • Biochim Biophys Acta 2009[Sep]; 1793 (9): 1478-84
  • The autophagy pathway likely evolved not only to maintain cellular and tissue homeostasis but also to protect cells against microbial attack. This conserved mechanism by which cytoplasmic cargo is delivered to the endolysosomal system is now recognized as a central player in coordinating the host response to diverse intracellular pathogens, including viruses. As an endolysosomal delivery system, autophagy functions in the transfer of viruses from the cytoplasm to the lysosome where they are degraded, in the transfer of viral nucleic acids to endosomal sensors for the activation of innate immunity, and in the transfer of endogenous viral antigens to MHC class II compartments for the activation of adaptive immunity. Viruses have, in turn, evolved different strategies to antagonize, and potentially, to exploit the host autophagic machinery. Moreover, through mechanisms not yet well understood, autophagy may dampen host innate immune and inflammatory responses to viral infection. This review highlights the roles of autophagy in antiviral immunity, viral strategies to evade autophagy, and potential negative feedback functions of autophagy in the host antiviral response.
  • |Animals[MESH]
  • |Autophagy/*immunology[MESH]
  • |Cytoprotection/immunology[MESH]
  • |Humans[MESH]
  • |Immunity/*immunology[MESH]
  • |Virus Diseases/*immunology/*pathology/virology[MESH]
  • |Virus Replication[MESH]





  • *{{pmid19264100}}
    *<b>[http://www.kidney.de/mlpefetch.php?search=19264100 Autophagy, antiviral immunity, and viral countermeasures ]</b> Biochim Biophys Acta 2009; 1793(9) ; 1478-84 Shoji-Kawata S; Levine B

        *19264100*

    Nephropedia PMID record

    Deutsche Wikipedia - im Artikel

    Hier den unten stehenden Textblock hineinkopieren

    Biochim Biophys Acta

    1478 9.1793 2009