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  • The immunodiagnosis of Echinococcus multilocularis infection
  • Carmena D; Benito A; Eraso E
  • Clin Microbiol Infect 2007[May]; 13 (5): 460-75
  • Alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is a severe zoonotic disease caused by the metacestode stage of Echinococcus multilocularis. The infection can have fatal consequences in humans if treatment is not provided, so early diagnosis is fundamental for initiating treatment and reducing morbidity and mortality. In addition, detection of the parasite in the definitive host plays a central role in epidemiological studies and surveillance programmes for control of AE. This review presents an overview of the present situation regarding the immunodiagnosis of E. multilocularis infection. Special attention is given to the description of the native, partially purified and recombinant antigens available currently for immunodiagnostic purposes. Recent advances in the primary serodiagnosis and follow-up of AE patients are highlighted, including the detection of specific cytokine profiles. Progress in the immunodiagnosis of intestinal E. multilocularis infection in definitive hosts, particularly the detection of excretory-secretory and integument products of the worm in faeces (copro-antigens) by ELISA, is also discussed.
  • |*Zoonoses/parasitology/transmission[MESH]
  • |Animals[MESH]
  • |Echinococcosis, Pulmonary/*diagnosis/immunology[MESH]
  • |Echinococcus multilocularis/*immunology/pathogenicity[MESH]
  • |Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay[MESH]
  • |Foxes/parasitology[MESH]
  • |Humans[MESH]
  • |Serologic Tests/methods[MESH]

  • *{{pmid17430337}}
    *<b>[ The immunodiagnosis of Echinococcus multilocularis infection ]</b> Clin Microbiol Infect 2007; 13(5) ; 460-75 Carmena D; Benito A; Eraso E


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    Clin Microbiol Infect

    460 5.13 2007